Since Coolaudio started reissuing old IC’s used in various synths I always eyed the V3340, which is a reissue of the CEM3340 chip as used in many classic synths such as the Roland SH101, Prophet 5, Memory Moog and plenty of others. It’s, in essence, a fully featured 1V/oct oscillator on a single IC and thus takes away a lot of the headaches inherent to VCO design. Things like linearity and temperature compensating are taken care of for you. This takes away a lot of the pain of building VCO’s, in fact, since these IC’s are available again a DIY polysynth starts to become a possibility.
So, I ordered one – just one, they’re quite expensive – and started testing. It really doesn’t take that much effort to get the oscillator running and I based the circuit on the CEM3340 datasheet, various implementation examples on the electric druid website, the nonlinearcircuits VCO-1 and various other sources. It’s no surprise, but there are very little modern resources available for this IC.
Since I was implementing an oscillator anyways it looked like a perfect opportunity to add some interesting wave-shapers to the circuit. First and foremost a triangle to sine wave shaper, because I really wanted a sine output and the CEM doesn’t offer one. I tried a few ways and settled on a design I found on Thoma’s Henry’s excellent site which seemed to produce a suitable sine. It’s certainly not perfect, but it does the job.
In addition to the sin wave shaper I’ve also added a linear ramp waveform. It’s sort of a mix between a square wave and a saw wave and offers a different kind of feel to it then either of them. I got the idea from the Intellijel Rubicon oscillator which features this waveform and it’s not that hard to think up a suitable circuit to produce that waveform from the combination of a saw and a square wave.
While looking into various wave-shaper designs I found a schematic to phase shift a saw wave. That gave me the idea of trying to implement a ‘super-saw’ by shifting several saw waves and mix them back together. Turns out it’s not really a ‘super-saw’ in the Roland JP way, but it does sound nice. I didn’t went all the way with this idea as I quickly ran into some problems when you have several waveforms added on top of one another. Shifting a single saw wave around mixed together with the original one already sounded very nice. I fixed the 2nd shifted saw at 90° and it can be toggled on or off for a different tone.
Overall I’m very pleased with the sound quality of the oscillator. It produces really nice and rich sounding waveforms.
- 1/V oct tuning
- Coars tuning (+/- 1 octave)
- Fine tuning (+/- a semitone)
- Octave switch
- Exponential & Linear FM
- Individual outputs for sine, triangle, saw, super saw, Linear Ramp, Pulse and Square wave
- CV input for Pulse Width Modulation
- CV input for saw wave shifting
- Hard & Soft Sync
VCO-1 – PCB & Panel€33,00
BOM and Build notes
- Board A Build Guide v2.2
- Board A Build Guide v2.3
- Board B Build Guide v2.2
- Board B Build Guide v2.3
- VCO-1 Bill of Materials (BOM)
- Calibration guide
In order to make trimming easier, it’s recommended to install the IDC power connector and all trim-pots on the back of then BOARD B PCB.
There are plenty of trimmers on this one. Here’s a list of what they are all supposed to do.
- RV1: sine symmetry trim
- RV2: High-freq trim
- RV3: Freq scale trim
- RV4: Sine roundness trimmer
- RV5: Pulse-width modulation range
- RV6: linear ramp
- RV7: Freq trim shape trimmer
- RV8: saw wave-shifter trim 1
- RV9: saw wave-shifter trim 2
- RV10: max saw shift level
16-07-2018: Some updates on the schematics.
21-05-2019: Thanks to Tyler for pointing out that R21 should go to -12V and not to ground, the sine-shaper won’t function otherwise. The schematic has been updated to reflect the correction.
- Changed Linear Ramp output volume so it’s in line with the other ones (R59 to 20k instead of 10k)
- Changed the sensitivity of the coarse and fine knobs (R10 and R11)
- Used an LM4040 to create a 5V reference instead of L7805 and L7905 voltage regulator. I hope this will improve stability when switching octaves.
- Added a potentiometer for the saw animation in
13-09-2019: Updated the post to reflect the latest version of the build. Also added build guides and BOM.
12-11-2019: Updated BOM, build guides and added a calibration document.